Photography is one of the largest growing art forms in the world. In this digital era, it is impossible to not come across pictures or these skills. While images are high definition today, this was not always the case. All of this started with a small box that took blurry images. Photography literally translates to drawing with light. Although this has a short and simple history, it has still come a long way in merely 200 years. Today, this art form captures the moments, conveys strong messages, paints a picture of the current society, and also represents history.

First Images

It began in the 1830s and Joseph Nicephore was the first one to capture an image. Using a portable camera, he experimented by exposing a pewter plate to light. He recorded the first image after this successful experiment and kept on improving the images. A lot of other people started to test this and finally, the development of emulsion plates and wet plates took place. Cameras were only for the rich till the 1880s and hence, it was not yet an art form. Only the wealthy could afford to click pictures or get clicked.


With the advancement of technology, the entire scenario began to change. Cameras are now affordable so it is accessible to everyone. Artists can now manipulate different techniques to create their own expression of art. They can decide the outcome of the image by opting for various lenses, changing the settings, and timing the shot. Moreover, there were several movements and associations that promoted photography as an art form. This especially took off after enormous historical events like the great depression and wars.

Types of photography

There are numerous types of photography these days. For instance, landscape photography captures the beauty of nature, animals, and plants. Portrait photography was a popular mode for commissions as it was cheaper than portrait paintings. While some images are for educational purposes, others simply capture the beauty or moment around them.

Balance, line, shape, texture, form, light, depth, and space are some elements of art. Additionally, it replaced drawings in magazines and other media. Back in the day, the upper class greatly opposed the idea of photography because they thought that art should not be cheap and accessible to every

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